1. Make use of RefWorks, an online bibliography and database manager that you may access from the McMaster Library’s research portal. This tool not only imports references for you, but it also automatically format those (both within the body of your written work and your bibliography) according to the citation convention you select (i.e. APA, MLA, Turabian).
  2. McMaster’s Library has put together online citation style guides, which may be found at Alternatively, purchase a hard copy manual from the bookstore.
  3. The Centre for Student Development provides in-person academic skills and ESL support and a plethora of online resources. See, for instance, its Student Achievement Series at and its Online Resources portals (especially its Referencing Basics videos) at:
  4. A number of universities have developed web-based academic integrity tutorials and/or student guides which you may find helpful to review. See for instance: , and