Invited Symposium: Neural Bases of Hypnosis



Materials & Methods


Discussion & Conclusion



INABIS '98 Home Page Your Session Symposia & Poster Sessions Plenary Sessions Exhibitors' Foyer Personal Itinerary New Search

Hypnotizability, Cognitive Processing and Electrocortical Activity in PTSD

Contact Person: Etzel Cardena (ecardena@usuhs.mil)


Bower, B. (1995). Child sex abuse leaves mark on brain. Science News, 147, 340.

Brown, P. (1994). Toward a psychobiological model of dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder. In Steven Jay Lynn and Judith W. Rhue (Eds.) Dissociation: Clinical, theoretical, and research perspectives. New York: Guilford Press, 94-122.

Buchsbaum, M. S. & Silverman, J. (1968). Stimulus intensity control and the cortical evoked response. Psychosomatic Med, 30, 12-22.

Cardeña, E. (1994). The domain of dissociation. In S. J. Lynn and J. W. Rhue (Eds.) Dissociation: Clinical, theoretical, and research perspectives. New York: Guilford Press, 15-31.

Cardeña, E. (1996). Review of the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire. In B. H. Stamm (Ed.). Measurement of stress, trauma and adaptation (pp. 293-297). Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press.

Cardeña, E., Lewis-Fernández, R., Beahr, D., Pakianathan, I., Spiegel, D.. (1996). Dissociative disorders. In Sourcebook for the DSM-IV. Vol. II. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.

Cardeña, E. & Spiegel, D. (1991). Suggestibility, absorption, and dissociation: An integrative model of hypnosis. In John F. Schumaker (Ed.) Human suggestibility: Advances in theory, research and application. New York: Routledge, 93-107.

Cardeña, E., & Spiegel D. (1993) Dissociative reactions to the Bay Area Earthquake. Am J Psychiatry, 150, 474-478.

Carlson, E. B. & Putnam, F. W. (1993). An update on the dissociative experiences scale. Dissociation, 6, 16-27.

Chu J, Dill D. (1990). Dissociative symptoms in relation to childhood physical and sexual abuse. Am J Psychiatry,147, 887-892.

Classen, C., Koopman, C., Hales, R., & Spiegel, D. (1998). Acute stress disorder as a predictor of posttraumatic stress symptoms. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 620-624.

Coles, M. G., Gratton, G. & Fabiani, M. (1991). Event-related brain potentials. In J. T. Cacioppo & L. T. Tassinary (Eds.). Principles of psychophysiology. Physical, social, and inferential elements. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gurvits, T. V., Lasko, N. B., Schachter, S. C., Kuhne, A. A., Orr, S. P. & Pitman, R. K. (1993). Neurological status of Vietnam veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. J Neuropsychiatry, 5, 183-188.

Horowitz, M. J. (1986). Stress response sydromes. New Jersey: Aronson.

Marmar, C. R., Weiss, D. S., Schlenger, W. E., Fairbank, J. A., Jordan, K., Kulka, R. & Hough, R. L. (1993). Peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress in male Vietnam theater veterans. Am J Psychiatry, 151, 902-907.

Hyer, L. A., Albrecht, W., Poudewyns, P. A., Woods, M. G. & Brandsma, J. (1993). Dissociative experiences of Vietnam veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. Psych. Reports, 73, 519-530.

Kolb, L. C. (1987). A neuropsychological hypothesis explaining post-traumatic stress disorders. Am J Psychiatry, 144, 989-995.

Koopman, C., Classen, C., Spiegel, D. (1994). Predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms among survivors of the Oakland/ Berkeley, California firestorm. Am. J Psychiatry, 151, 888-894.

Marmar, C. R., Weiss, D. S., & Metzler, T. (1998). Peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress disorder. In J. D. Bremner & C. R. Marmar (Eds.), Trauma, memory, and dissociation. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

McCaffrey, R. J., Lorig, T. S., Pendrey, D. L., McCutcheon, N. B. & Garrett, J. C. (1993). Odor-induced EEG changes in PTSD Vietnam veterans. J Traumatic Stress 6, 213-224.

McFarlane, A. C., Weber, D. L. & Clark, R. (1993). Abnormal stimulus processing in posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol. Psychiatry, 34, 311-320.

Ogata S, Silk K, Goodrich S, Lohr N, Westen D, Hill E (1990). Childhood sexual and physical abuse in adult patients with borderline personality disorder. Am J Psychiatry, 147, 1008-1013.

Paige, S. R., Reid, G. M., Allen, M. G. & Newton, J. E. (1990). Psychophysiological correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder in Vietnam veterans. Biol. Psychiatry, 27, 419-430.

Spiegel D, Hunt T, Dondershine E. H. (1988). Dissociation and hypnotizability in posttraumatic stress disorder. Am J Psychiatry, 145, 301-305.

Stutman R. K. , Bliss E. L. (1985). Posttraumatic stress disorder, hypnotizability, and imagery. Am J Psychiatry, 142, 741-743.

Weitzenhoffer, A. & Hilgard, E. R. (1962). Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale. Form C. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Wolf, M. E., Alavi, A. & Mosnaim, A. D. (1988). Posttraumatic stress disorder in Vietnam veterans clinical and EEG findings: Possible therapeutic effects of Carbamazepine. Biol. Psychiatry 23, 642-644.

Back to the top.

<= Discussion & Conclussions REFERENCES

| Discussion Board | Next Page | Your Symposium |
Cardena, E; (1998). Hypnotizability, Cognitive Processing and Electrocortical Activity in PTSD. Presented at INABIS '98 - 5th Internet World Congress on Biomedical Sciences at McMaster University, Canada, Dec 7-16th. Invited Symposium. Available at URL http://www.mcmaster.ca/inabis98/woody/cardena0862/index.html
© 1998 Author(s) Hold Copyright