Occupational Health - Public Health Poster Session



Materials & Methods


Discussion & Conclusion



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Contact Person: Michael O Ogundele (mogundel@yahoo.com)


1. Jason JM; Nieburg P; Marks JS (1984) Mortality and infectious disease associated with infant-feeding practices in developing countries. Pediatrics. 74(4 Pt 2): 702-27

2. France G.L.; Marmer D.J.; Steele R.W. (1980) Breast-feeding and Salmonella infection. Am J Dis Child. 134(2): 147-52.

3. Zaman S.; Carlsson B.; Jalil F.; Jeanson S.; Mellander L.; Hanson L.A. (1991) Specific antibodies to poliovirus type 1 in breast-milk of unvaccinated mothers before and seven years after start of community-wide vaccination of their infants with live, oral poliovirus vaccine. Acta Paediatr Scand. 80(12): 1174-82.

4. Haffejee I.E.; Moosa A.;Windsor I. (1990) Circulating and breast-milk anti-rotaviral antibodies and neonatal rotavirus infection: a maternal-neonatal study. Ann Trop Paediatr. 10(1): 3-14.

5. Prentice A.; Watkinson M.; Prentice A.M.; Cole T.J.; Whitehead R,G. (1984) Breast-milk antimicrobial factors of rural Gambian mothers. 2. Influence of season and prevalence of infection. Acta Paediatr Scand.; 73(6): 803-9.

6. Prentice A.; Ewing G.; Roberts S.B.; Lucas A.; MacCarthy A.; Jarjou L.M.; Whitehead R.G. (1987) The nutritional role of breast-milk IgA and lactoferrin. Acta Paediatr Scand. 76(4): 592-8.

7. Avery V.M.; Gordon D.L. (1991) Antibacterial properties of breast-milk: requirements for surface phagocytosis and chemiluminiscence. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 10(12): 1034-9.

8. Cole F.S.; Schneeberger E.E.; Lichtenberg N.A.; Colten H.R. (1982) Complement biosynthesis in human breast-milk macrophages and blood monocytes. Immunology. 46(2): 429-41.

9. Rudloff HE;; Goldman AS, Chheda S., Garofalo R Schmalstieg FC Jr; (1996) Cytokines in human milk:properties and potential effects upon the mammary gland and the neonate. J. Mammary gld. Biol. Neoplasisa. 1(3):251-258.

10. Bhaskaram P; Reddy V (1981) Bactericidal activity of human milk leukocytes. Acta Paediatr Scand. 70(1): 87-90

11. Lewis-Jones-DI; Lewis-Jones-MS; Connolly-RC; Lloyd-DC; West-CR (1985) Sequential changes in the antimicrobial protein concentrations in human milk during lactation and its relevance to banked human milk. Pediatr-Res. 19(6): 561-5

12. Ballow M; Fang F; Good RA; Day NK (1974) Developmental aspects of complement components in the newborn. The presence of complement components and C3 proactivator (properdin factor B) in human colostrum. Clin Exp Immunol. 18(2): 257-66

13. Nakajima S., Baba A.S., Tamura N (1977) Complement system in Human Colostrum. Int. Archs. Allergy appl. Immun.. 54: 428-33.

14. O'Gara-C; Canahuati-J; Martin-AM (1994) Every mother is a working mother: breastfeeding and women's work. Int-J-Gynaecol-Obstet. Dec; 47 Suppl: S33-8

15. Baum J.D. Donor breastmilk. Acta Paediatr. Scand. Suppl. 299:51-7.

16. Liebhaber-M; Lewiston-NJ; Asquith-MT; Olds-Arroyo-L; Sunshine-P(1978) Comparison of bacterial contamination with two methods of human milk after collection. J-Pediatr. Dec; 92: 236-7.

17. Ajusi J.D., Onyango F.E., Mutanda L.N., Wamola (1989) Bacteriology of unheated expressed breast milk stored at room temperature. East. Afr. Med. J. 66(6):381-7.

18. Olowe S.A., Ahmed I., Lawal S.F., Ransome-Kuti S. (1987) Bacteriological quality of raw human milk: effect of storage in a refrigerator. Ann. Trop. Pediatr. 7(4):233-7.

19. Bjöksten B., Burman L.G., De Chateau P., Fredrikzon B.O., Gothefors L., Hernell O. (1980) Collecting and banking human milk: to heat or not to heat. British Medical Journal 281:765-9.

20. Lucas A., Roberts C.D., (1979) Bacteriological control in human milk banking. Br. Med. J. 1:180-2.

21. Asquith-MT; Pedrotti-PW; Harrod-JR; Stevenson-DK; Sunshine-P(1984) The bacterial content of breast milk after the early initiation of expression using a standard technique. J-Pediatr-Gastroenterol-Nutr.; 3(1): 104-7

22. Luzeau-R; Barrois-V; Odievre-M [Nonesterified fatty acids and the titrable acidity of breast milk. Consequences for collection conditions in milk bans] Arch-Fr-Pediatr. 1983 Jun-Jul; 40(6): 449-51

23. Deodhar L., Joshi S. (1991) Microbiological study of breast milk with special reference to its storage in milk bank. J. Postgrad. Med. 37(1):14-6.

24. Knoop U., Schutt-Gerowitt H., Matheis G. (1985) Bacterial growth in breast milk under various storage conditions(Bakterienwachstum bei unterschiedlischer Lagerung von Muttermilch.) Monatschr. Kinderheilkd. 133(7):483-6.

25. Reiter B; Brock JH (1975) Inhibition of Escherichia coli by bovine colostrum and post-colostral milk. I. Complement-mediated bactericidal activity of antibodies to a serum susceptible strain of E. coli of the serotype O 111. Immunology. 28(1): 71-82

26. Friedrich Burkhardt (1992) in Mikrobiologische Diagnostik, Friedrich Burkhardt (editor), Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, Germany (publishers), pg 780.

27. Rainard P., Poutrel B., Caffin J.P. (1984) Assessment of hemolytic and bactericidal complement activities in normal and mastitic bovine milk. J. Dairy Science 67(3):614-9.

28. Bitman-J; Wood-DL; Mehta-NR; Hamosh-P; Hamosh-M (1983) Lipolysis of triglycerides of human milk during storage at low temperatures: a note of caution. J-Pediatr-Gastroenterol-Nutr. 2(3): 521-4

29. Mollnes T.E., Garred P., Bergseth G. (1988) Effect of time, temperature and anticoagulants on in vitro complement activation: Consequences for collection and preservation of samples to be examined for complement activation. Clin. Exp. Immuniol. 73:484-8.

30. Cole LJN; Kluepfel D; Lusena CV. (1959) Freezing damage to bovine cream indicated by release of enzymes. Can J Biochem Physiol 37:821-7.

31. Hernell O., Ward H., Blackberg L., Pereira M.E. (1986) Killing of Giardia lamblia by human lipases: an effect mediated by lipolysis of milk lipids. J. Infect. Dis. 153(4):715-20.

32. Gotze-O; Muller-Eberhard-HJ (1976) The alternative pathway of complement activation. Adv-Immunol. 24: 1-35

33. Isaacs-CE; Kashyap-S; Heird-WC; Thormar-H (1990) Antiviral and antibacterial lipids in human milk and infant formula feeds Arch-Dis-Child. Aug; 65(8): 861-4

34. Prentice-A; Prentice-AM; Lamb-WH. Mastitis in rural Gambian mothers and the protection of the breast by milk antimicrobial factors. Trans-R-Soc-Trop-Med-Hyg. 1985; 79(1): 90-5

35. Yoshioka-H; Iseki-K; Fujita-K. Development and differences of intestinal flora in the neonatal period in breast-fed and bottle-fed infants. Pediatrics. 1983; 72(3): 317-21

36. Yonemasu K:, Kitajima H., Tanabe S., Ochi T., Shinkai H. Effect of age on C1q and C3 levels in human serum and their presence in colostrum. Immunology. 1978; 35(3): 523-30

37. Franke-WW; Heid-HW; Grund-C; Winter-S; Freudenstein-C; Schmid-E; Jarasch-ED; Keenan-TW (1981) Antibodies to the major insoluble milk fat globule membrane-associated protein: specific location in apical regions of lactating epithelial cells. J-Cell-Biol. 89(3): 485-94

38. Welsch-U; Schumacher-U; Buchheim-W; Schinko-I; Jenness-P; Patton-S (1990) Histochemical and biochemical observations on milk-fat-globule membranes from several mammalian species. Acta-Histochem-Suppl. 40: 59-64

39. Keeney-SE; Schmalstieg-FC; Palkowetz-KH; Rudloff-HE; Le-BM; Goldman-AS Activated neutrophils and neutrophil activators in human milk: increased expression of CD11b and decreased expression of L-selectin. J-Leukoc-Biol. 1993 Aug; 54(2): 97-104

40. Schroten H; Hanisch FG; Plogmann R; Hacker J; Uhlenbruck G; Nobis-Bosch R; Wahn V (1992) Inhibition of adhesion of S-fimbriated Escherichia coli to buccal epithelial cells by human milk fat globule membrane components: a novel aspect of the protective function of mucins in the nonimmunoglobulin fraction. Infect-Immun. 60(7): 2893-9

41. Goldman-AS; Thorpe-LW; Goldblum-RM; Hanson-LA (1986) Anti-inflammatory properties of human milk. Acta-Paediatr-Scand. 75(5): 689-95

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<= Discussion & Conclussions REFERENCES

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Ogundele, M.O.; (1998). EFFECTS OF STORAGE ON THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ANTI-BACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF HUMAN BREAST-MILK. Presented at INABIS '98 - 5th Internet World Congress on Biomedical Sciences at McMaster University, Canada, Dec 7-16th. Available at URL http://www.mcmaster.ca/inabis98/occupational/ogundele0300/index.html
© 1998 Author(s) Hold Copyright