Behavioural Neuroscience Poster Session



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Discussion & Conclusion



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Smoking - Predictor or even Promoter of Opiate Dependence?

Liebmann, P.M. (Institute of General & Experimental Pathology, University of Graz, Austria)
Lehofer, M. (Clinics of Psychiatry, University of Graz, Austria)
Moser, M. (Physiological Institute, University of Graz, Austria)
Legl, T. (Drug Rehabilitation Center Gruener Kreis, Austria)
Pernhaupt, G. (Drug Rehabilitation Center Gruener Kreis, Austria)
Schauenstein, K. (Institute of General & Experimental Pathology, University of Graz, Austria)

Contact Person: Peter M. Liebmann (peter.liebmann@kfunigraz.ac.at)


Objective: Although it is a frequent clinical observation that former opiate addicts are in most cases smokers on one hand, and that smoking may be the first step to heroin dependence on the other, a possible association between smoking and heroin dependence has not yet been formally investigated. It was the aim of the present study to investigate changes in the smoking behaviour during the development from pre-dependence to dependence state, detoxification, and rehabilitation. Method: We retrospectively investigated the smoking behaviour in relation to heroin dependence, heroin detoxification, and rehabilitation in 70 former heroin addicts, and compared it with data from two national statistical surveys on smoking behaviour. Results: More than 90% of the ex-heroin-addicts investigated were smokers already prior to opiate dependence, and heroin pre-addicts started smoking even four years earlier than normal smokers. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate a possible indicative or probably even a promoting role of early smoking for future heroin dependence.

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Poster Number PAliebmann0667
Keywords: smoking, heroin, drug dependence

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Liebmann, P.M.; Lehofer, M.; Moser, M.; Legl, T.; Pernhaupt, G.; Schauenstein, K.; (1998). Smoking - Predictor or even Promoter of Opiate Dependence?. Presented at INABIS '98 - 5th Internet World Congress on Biomedical Sciences at McMaster University, Canada, Dec 7-16th. Available at URL http://www.mcmaster.ca/inabis98/behavneuro/liebmann0667/index.html
© 1998 Author(s) Hold Copyright