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brook at Christie Consercation Area

Hamilton Ecology and Geology

Hamilton is rich in both ecological and geological diversity. Ecologically, Hamilton is home to a small portion of the Carolinian forest that extents north from the Carolinas in the states into southern Ontario. This stretch of ecological habitat is not seen anywhere else in Canada and allows for a unique mix of plant and animal species.
The Hamilton-Wentworth region is also known for its karst formations, of which there are over a dozen unique features from 300m long caves to cracks and rock formations, as well as the Niagara Escarpment – a United Nations World Biosphere Reserve – that runs along the boundary of Hamilton and allows for the beautiful waterfalls that surround the city.